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I tried the search feature on this page and did not find the answer, so here is another stupid question.

When using a wire size calculator I found on line, there is a space for "One Half The Total Circuit Length".

Now, my new garage will have a sub panel 80 feet away from the main panel. Does this mean that I would put 40 feet into the calculator?

Thanks
Brian

By the way, I just want to thank members of this chatroom for the help and advice you have sent my way.
 

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The total circuit length is a round trip so half the circuit length is the distance between the two items (panels, boxes, etc.)

To add to the complexity, there are different rules for wires hung in free air (such as overhead) versus wires in Romex cables or buried or in conduit. And a further calculation, called derating, for several circuits' worth or wires running juxtaposed. The rule of 14 gauge for up to 15 amps and 12 gauge for up to 20 amps is for wires within cables running singly.
 
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