I recently bought a 1920s Craftsman. In the master bedroom the original window casings had been removed and some awful MDF moulding had been put up in its place during some past remodeling. The window is obviously original to the house and the casing has always bothered me, so I decided to restore them to their original style. These windows had been thoroughly worked over by someone. The obviously-not-original quarter round stop bead was about 3/4" out of parallel with the bottom sash so the window had a ton of slop. A stiff wind would suck the buttom sash in and out. I pulled the casing and found that the interior edge of the sill and jambs had been cut down, poorly, to plane in with the sheet rock put in sometime in the past. Enough was removed from the jambs that the weight pocket access plate had been cut into. Around 1" on the left and 3/4" on the right side had been cut away. Both jambs are cracked all the way up through the parting bead groove. Anyhow, I take it further and cut out the sheet rock around the window and find that there is no infact framing around this particular window at all. No full header, sill, cripples, etc. They're just over the left half of the window. The window looks like it had been moved over one stud bay and the framing to the side was just cut out and tossed. As far as I can tell, the only thing holding the window in the wall is the exterior casing and a heavy helping of can foam. So, deep breath, I'm now going to make new jambs, a new sill, rebuild the window and frame up the opening. I'm intent on keeping them original so here's my question. How were windows back then intended to be fastened to the framing? Were they intended to be directly fastened to the framing at all? It would be easy enough to shim and nail through the sill and head jamb, but is that how it was done? What's an appropriate rough opening? I really appreciate any help. I'm just not that experienced with these old homes. Thanks!