Ok guys I got a question for ya, my oven crapped out on me, so the new one the wife wants is rated at max 56.6 amps but the instructions say can be used 40 or 50amp (super confusing). The wiring to the stove location is #8 and it’s on a 40A breaker.
Yup. Range/oven provisioning is *super weird*. Because the 56.6A spec presumes every burner is on max and the oven is on preheat. However in reality everything will settle into cycling on and off to sustain desired temp. That will happen before the wires in the walls catch fire; they did the math
So to reiterate, I’m good to install a 50amp receptacle and range cord on a 40amp circuit ?
Yes, you have to use 50A receps because they don't make 40A receps.
So the 50 amp receptacle I’m going to install is 4 prong. So I’d need a 4 prong range cord. But I just looked at the specs in the manual for the range we’re thinking of buying and there’s only 3 wires coming out of it.
That... is a throwback to the age before grounding. What you actually need is 4 wires - Hot Hot Neutral Ground. What was installed in 1946 was just Hot Hot Neutral. So, when grounding came out in the 1960s, appliance makers whined a lot about how they'd lose sales if people had to rewire their homes 4-wire. So they got NEC to grant an exception that let them continue using 3-wire ungrounded connections. They said "hey, for grounding, let's just ground the chassis to Neutral!" Which is called "bootlegging" anywhere else. And it's very dangerous. And it's dangerous for ranges too, but their logic was "people rarely disturb the wiring, so what could go wrong?" And the body count hasn't been *too* bad, so they were right.
But yeah, if it's your family, you want a 4-wire hookup.