Yep. +1 to what hyunelan2 said. Pre-wet all the plants and give them a good rinse after. If you can have a helper spray the plants with the hose while you rinse the deck with the powerwasher, that would be ideal. Plants are not really as sensitive as you might imagine. If you have a bunch of delicate flowers imported from the mountains of Uzbekistant, it might be a different story. But if you just have some yew bushes and a rhododendron, you'll be fine. In bright sun, putting plastic over the plants can create a little greenhouse effect and sometimes do more harm than good. You can just clamp a heavy canvas tarp on the railing and hang it down the outside to catch the bulk of the overspray.
The purpose of the brightener is to reverse the darkening effect of alkaline cleaners like bleach and lye. If you use oxiclean, the wood should not darken. So no need for the brightener. But I haven't tried it.
OxiClean has fillers in it to make it cheaper. Nobody walking the aisles of walmart is going to spend 30 bucks for a 2 pound jar of stuff for the laundry. Stain Solver is oxygenated bleach without the fillers. Awesome stuff. It's OxiClean on steroids. A long time ago, I tried Stain Solver once on a deck and I was not impressed. So OxiClean would probably do even less. I dunno. Mayber user error on my part. Now that I know a little more, I should give oxygenated bleach another shot.