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Discussion Starter #1
Hi,

I have a 3-gang box with 3 switches in it. I just put in single-pole WEMO smart switches to replace the old school rocker switches. They were both on circuit breaker #10. They went as smooth as can be. The 3rd switch is part of a 3-way circuit. It is on another circuit breaker. I purchased a GE 3-way capable smart dimmer switch, and pulled the switch out live so I could get a picture and map out which wires are live and which aren't. I was confused how they were doing a three-way with only two wires until I flipped the other switch and found that the white wire became live, so that is no neutral. This must be the traveler. My first thought was to use the neutral in the box from the other switches, but I checked and this seems to be a NoNo. I haven't pulled the other box apart yet. It's also a 3-gang box, so I'm hoping it has at least one shared neutral wire so I can put a smart switch there. Now that I've said all of that, I have a couple questions:

  1. If I replace the existing switch that has no neutral with a more modern dumb decora 3-way switch, is there any safety concerns? That is more so than the fact it already doesn't have a neutral wire?
  2. Assuming I find a neutral on from the same circuit breaker for one of the other switches on the box I haven't looked at yet. Is it okay just to split off a neutral?
  3. Can I just eliminate the 3-way by capping off or capping together some of the wires?
I use a yellow non-contact tester and the black and red show up live regardless of the switch position and the white wire shows up live depending on the other switch's position. I'm assuming this is common knowledge, but just in case it isn't, the smart switches require a neutral wire.

Thanks,
Jeff
 

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The black is the common wire.
The red and the white are travellers wires.
There is no neutral wire.
You can't use the neutral from the other circuit.
 

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Discussion Starter #3
The black is the common wire.
The red and the white are travellers wires.
There is no neutral wire.
You can't use the neutral from the other circuit.
I can go back and double-check it, but the red was showing up live no matter the position of either switch. I thought the travelers would flip-flop.

Also, I don't think I asked the question clearly about the neutral. If I open the other 3-gang box and the box has a neutral/white in it that is on the same circuit breaker, as the three way switch in that same box, can I use the neutral in that box for a smart dimmer that will "run" the three-way switch?

Thanks,
Jeff
 

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Maybe I got it wrong about the common but it is not important since you don't have a neutral for the smart switch. If the red is the common then the black and white should flip flop voltage.

If the other switch has a neutral from the same circuit you could put the smart switch there.
 

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Discussion Starter #5
Maybe I got it wrong about the common but it is not important since you don't have a neutral for the smart switch. If the red is the common then the black and white should flip flop voltage.

If the other switch has a neutral from the same circuit you could put the smart switch there.
I will pop the other box open this evening and see what I have to work with. I'll also document the switch positions and results to make sure I didn't get it wrong with my initial impression.

Either way, I will replace the toggle with a decora switch above with a "dumb" switch. Will I need to find a switch without a neutral, or can I just ignore the new switch neutral wire if it has one?

Thanks,
Jeff
 

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If the other switch is a plain old dumb switch, it does not need a neutral although it is possible that one of the wires going to its predecessor is white. Although the most modern code (set forth in the latest NEC book) requires neutrals in switch boxes, replacing a plain dumb switch with a decorative dumb switch is a grandfathered maneuver that does not require restringing cables to have a neutral.

With rare exceptions dumb switches do not have neutral terminals. Most switches do have ground terminals, usually a green screw on the frame (yoke; mounting strip).

I have seen a very old dumb switch that has, in additon to the usual pair of regular terminals, two neutral terminals that have nothing between them except an internal straight bar to pass through the neutral path in lieu of wire nutting the neutral wires in the box.

If you pigtail* the neutral for this new smart or dimmer switch from another cable feeding a different switch or device then you must pigtail the raw hot from that same cable to power the new switch and applicable light.

* If one wire end wants to be connected to two things then cut two short lengths (pigtails) and wire nut those to the wire end in question. Now you have separate wire ends to connect to the two things.
 
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