In my basement I had three wall ties with leaks around them which have been fixed by the builder (now he is out of business).
That got me wondering if I should rustoleum ALL the wall ties that are exposed on the inside, and then epoxy them up?
The thought process is, the wall tie is metal extending thru the poured concrete, so as that rusts it will create a void allowing water to come thru.
The rustoleum may help retard the rusting, and then if I epoxy over them, if they eventually rust, they rust.
Therse will continue to rust in the wall no matter what you do to the surface exposure. I doubt anything you do will last too long as this rust will come from behind and under any covering material.
There's not a whole lot of expensive materials going into this, so give it a shot and see what happens.