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Old 05-12-2010, 11:27 AM   #16
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The conductor for #10 AWG is 3/32" in dia.
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Old 05-12-2010, 11:48 AM   #17
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If you don't have a third insulated wire (usually red) in the cable coming into the subpanel from the house, then it's not a 10-3 cable and there is no further need to look at the cable jacket for a label.

With just black, white, and bare you must remove the white from a breaker post back at the main panel and connect it to the neutral bus there in order to have 115 volts at the subpanel using the existing cable. You will now have only one allotment of 30 amps at 115 volts.

Others would disagree with me but I would string overhead conductors (four: hot, hot, neutral, ground) from house to garage before I dig up a nice concrete or asphalt driveway in between for an underground feed.

If you string a new feed from the house to the garage, you must decommission the old feed including if one is overhead and the other is underground. So the new feed should be be heavy enough to handle all of the loads. Only one feed of any given kind can go between any two buildings. (115 or 115/230 volt feeds are considered the same kind; a 3 phase feed, rare in residential areas, is a different kind) You could install a new subpanel and connect the existing subpanel as a sub-subpanel.
Stick to your lawn watering schedule until it really starts to pour. After the storm you have only the same number of rest days you always had and then you need to start watering again.

Last edited by AllanJ; 05-12-2010 at 12:11 PM.
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Old 05-13-2010, 09:56 AM   #18
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You can only have a 120 or a 230 volt circuit with this cable, not both. No 120/230.

120 Volt - Wht - Neutral, blk - Hot, Bare - Ground.
230 Volt - Wht - Hot, Blk - Hot, Bare Ground. No neutral present.

If it were my house, I would install a 100 amp sub. Since you have to do all this work, why not do it right this time and be done with it. That's just me.

Don't forget! 4 wires!

Last edited by J. V.; 05-13-2010 at 10:03 AM.
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