So many questions where to start?!?!(NEWBIE)
So am going to help paint a friends bedroom and i have a few questions, any advice would be kindly recieved. The walls are split into 3 colours Top is white, middle is light pink and the bottom is a darker pink. I think they have decided on a beige colour and one of my many concerns is that the darker pink might show through!?!
Would i go about preparing the room by cleaning the walls, lightly sanding them down, then paint over it with an undercoat..wait until its dry and then add the top coat?
Is there a certain type of paint i use for the walls and a certain type i use for the woodwork around the edges?
Thanks for any help :thumbup:
1. All else being equal, flatter paints will hide better than glossy paints, and
2. All else being equal, inorganic pigments hide better than organic pigments
When the colour of the substrate shows through a paint film, what's actually happening is that incident light is making it through the paint film, reflecting off the substrate, and making it back out of the paint film to your eye.
The reason why flatter paints hide better is because they contain more extender pigments which reflect and refract light, thereby making the incident light take a longer and more tortuous path through the paint film. That increases hide because more incident light is absorbed along that longer path, and so the amount of light that your eye sees that has reflected off the substrate is significantly reduced.
Each of the "colourants" in the paint tinting machine consist of glycerine with coloured solid particles called "pigments" suspended in it. They use glycerine as the carrier fluid because it's equally miscible in both mineral spirits and water, so the same colourants can be used to tint both latex and oil based paints.
The colourants can be divided up into two groups; the organic pigments and the inorganic pigments.
The organic pigments are the colourwheel colours, like red, yellow, blue, green, magenta, orange, purple, etc. Basically, the colours you find on a colourwheel are all organic colours, and in general don't have very good UV resistance or opacity.
The inorganic pigments are best thought of as the synthetic equivalent of the pulverized rocks that artists have been using for millenia. These include:
a) Yellow Oxide (which is a mustard yellow colour and is the synthetic equivalent of Raw Sienna, named after the Italian village of Sienna where the soil and rock have a mustard yellow colour.)
b) Red Oxide (which is reddish brown in colour and is the most common form of iron oxide.)
c) Brown Oxide (which is yet another iron oxide and is the colour of chocolate brown.)
d) Raw Umber (which is a very dark brown that can almost be mistaken for black).
e) Black (which is actually ordinary soot. It's made by burning natural gas in special furnaces with insufficient oxygen to produce copious amounts of soot.)
f) Titanium Dioxide (which is white in colour. Titanium dioxide is what replaced lead carbonate in 1974 when lead based compounds were banned in house paints. You can still buy lead carbonate as "Flake White" in art supply stores.)
Basically, all of the colours (except black and white) that you can imagine finding rocks in that colour, are inorganic colours. Rocks are really good at being opaque, but even better at being old. If you take a coloured opaque rock and pulverize it into a fine powder, the powder will be just as opaque as the rock. If you use that coloured powder to tint a paint, then the powdered rock particles in that paint will ensure that it provides relatively good hide.
Also, anything that's 300 million years old HAS TO BE extremely chemically stable. Otherwise it would have decomposed by now. That extreme chemical stability results in rocks being extremely colourfast. A reddish brown or mustard yellow rock can lay for centuries exposed to the Sun on one side, and if you pick it up and turn it over (and clean and dry it) you'll find that the exposed side is exactly the same colour as the underside. That means, even centuries of exposure to the UV light of the Sun isn't enough to fade a rock. So, if you pulverize that rock into a fine powder and use that powder to colour a paint, the paint you get will be equally fade resistant.
So, to get better hide and much better fade resistance, opt for a colour that calls for as much inorganic pigments as possible and as little inorganic pigments as possible.
Also, the flatter the paint, the better it will hide an underlying colour. However, the flatter the paint, the harder it is to clean because of it's rough surface.
Tell your friend to pick out the colours he/she likes the most, and then to see if any of them call for only inorganic pigments in their tint formula.
Also, it's common for people to paint the ceilings a much lighter colour (like white) and to use a flat (or flatter) paint on the ceiling. The reason for this is that ceiling mounted light fixtures or windows that come within a few inches of the ceiling can make every imperfection in the ceiling stand out. By using a flat paint on the ceiling, you camoflage those imperfections.
wow..thats a serious reply and a massive help! Thanks for that, now i ve got no reason to mess it up.
Actually one more thing..How do i tell if the walls are gloss?
IF its not gloss and i can just paint over the top i still have to apply an undercoat then top coat right?
Phone around to some paint stores and see if any of them will give you a gloss swatch. That's a card with paints of different gloss on them going from flat to high gloss. Just look at the reflection of light off the paint's surface and compare it with the gloss swatch.
Basically, if the paint looks glossy when you look at light reflected at a sharp angle off it's surface, then it needs to be roughened for the next coat of paint to stick better.
If it's less glossy than satin, then I wouldn't bother roughening or priming. I'd just paint over your paint. Also, different paint companies have different definitions of what an "eggshell" paint is, and what a "satin" paint is, and how flat "flat paint" is. So, basically there's a grey area where you get to fairly glossy paints (between satin and semi-gloss) where you should sand (or clean with a Scotchbrite pad) just to be on the safe side.
Basically, you normally paint over paint. The only time you really need to prime before painting is if you're wanting to paint over an oil based paint with a latex paint, or if you have one highly pigmented organic colour (like Hunter Green) and you want to paint over it with another highly pigmented organic colour (like Navy Blue). Neither the blue pigment nor the green pigment used in house paints have very good hide, so it's common for people to use a tinted primer to help hide the underlying colour.
In your case, I wouldn't prime first. I would just clean the wall and roughen it up if it's glossy, and paint over it with the beige paint.
Perfect...Thanks so much for your help. Really appreciated!!!
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