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Old 09-15-2012, 04:54 AM   #1
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Creating Mother-In-Law Apartment


Hello;

I'm thinking of converting most of the basement of a house into a mother-in-law apartment. I'd like to leave the area with laundry facilities to be common to both the main house and the apartment. It occurs to me that it might be a good idea (and might be required) to have the circuit breakers located in the common area. Currently they are in the mother-in-law part of the basement where the service enters the building.

The question is can I create a pair of sub-panels and move all (or most) of the breakers there? The idea would be to have one sub-panel for the apt and one for the rest of the house - the circuits are pretty well separated by floor.

Would I be correct in assuming that each sub-panel would need a breaker at the main panel? Or could I get by with a disconnect switch at the main panel and move all breakers to the sub-panels?

Sincerely;
Michelle

PS: Is the NEC available online? Hopefully for free?

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Old 09-15-2012, 09:32 AM   #2
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Creating Mother-In-Law Apartment


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Originally Posted by Michelle96 View Post
Hello;

I'm thinking of converting most of the basement of a house into a mother-in-law apartment. I'd like to leave the area with laundry facilities to be common to both the main house and the apartment. It occurs to me that it might be a good idea (and might be required) to have the circuit breakers located in the common area. Currently they are in the mother-in-law part of the basement where the service enters the building.

The question is can I create a pair of sub-panels and move all (or most) of the breakers there? The idea would be to have one sub-panel for the apt and one for the rest of the house - the circuits are pretty well separated by floor.

Would I be correct in assuming that each sub-panel would need a breaker at the main panel? Or could I get by with a disconnect switch at the main panel and move all breakers to the sub-panels?

Sincerely;
Michelle

PS: Is the NEC available online? Hopefully for free?
Does your basement have a means of egress other than the stairs?

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Old 09-16-2012, 06:21 PM   #3
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Creating Mother-In-Law Apartment


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Does your basement have a means of egress other than the stairs?
Hello Brric;

There is a back door (its a daylight basement) about 24" above the basement finished floor in the common area and the garage door will be replaced with some sort of door in the basement apartment area.

So the upstairs tenant can exit normally thru the front door or the back door. The downstairs tenant in the basement apartment can exit via the a door into the common area (and thence thru the back door) or thru the door in what was the garage. (By the way, there are windows in the basement of sufficient size to serve as emergency exits.)
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Old 09-16-2012, 06:30 PM   #4
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Creating Mother-In-Law Apartment


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Originally Posted by Michelle96 View Post
Hello Brric;

There is a back door (its a daylight basement) about 24" above the basement finished floor in the common area and the garage door will be replaced with some sort of door in the basement apartment area.

So the upstairs tenant can exit normally thru the front door or the back door. The downstairs tenant in the basement apartment can exit via the a door into the common area (and thence thru the back door) or thru the door in what was the garage. (By the way, there are windows in the basement of sufficient size to serve as emergency exits.)
Excellent.
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