Just bought a new 2 stage 5HP 60 gallon compressor. The instructions say to wire it to a 25 amp circuit with a 40 amp breaker. I've been looking at sec. 430 to try and break this down. The motor plate lists 22 amps as the full load amps (FLA). Am I correct in that the chart in sec. 430 lists motors as full load current (FLC) and that I am to use the larger of the two values? Sec. 430 list 5 HP single phase motors @ 28 amps. I am confused about fusing and if I am to do a calculation for short circuit/ground fault and overcurrent protection as a separate calculation? The way I am reading it I am to size the wire for 28 amps (#10) and the overcurrent protection @ 125% of the motor current which =35 amps (40 amp breaker)?
Code overrules instructions, so you'd need wire sized at 125% of 28 which would be 35 amps. If it is wired using conduit and THHN, then 240.4(D) allows #10s. If NM cable (Romex) is used, then it'll need to be #8. If flexible cord is used, it needs to be #8.
There's no minimum breaker size (other than what the instructions say), and the maximum is 250% of 28 which would be 70 amps. A 40 amp breaker will most likely be ok.