Expanding Foam For Gaps In Masonry Foundation - Concrete, Stone & Masonry - DIY Chatroom Home Improvement Forum


Go Back   DIY Chatroom Home Improvement Forum > Home Improvement > Concrete, Stone & Masonry

CLICK HERE AND JOIN OUR COMMUNITY TODAY...IT'S FREE!

Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
Old 08-17-2012, 03:53 PM   #1
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 52
Rewards Points: 75
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


I am currently working on my basement and am in the middle of re-pointing my the 120 year old granite foundation. Much of the mortar has turned into something that looks like plaster dust, so I am removing and replacing it. After removing some of the old mortar, there are some large gaps inside between the blocks, like that I can put my arm into. I guess they didn't do much dressing of the blocks on site but just stacked them up and mortared them into place. I have used some great stuff to fill some of the gaps, but I think I need a much larger volume product if I'm going to fill all of them.

There has never been any issue with water in the basement, so either the gaps are not continuous to the outside, there is very good drainage, or the mortar has held up well enough to prevent leaks. Even so, I think it is a good idea to fill these gaps since I have it all open. It will also be allot easier to re-point if the bigger gaps have been reduced considerably.

I'm not really sure what to use, 1-component, 2-component, fire block, etc.

This site has a nice list of products,
http://www.energyefficientsolutions....amproducts.asp

but they range in price from $90-$800 and I don't want to spend allot here unless it is really necessary. It is hard to tell how large the largest gaps are, but I can always make repeat applications if necessary. Most of these things are advertised as waterproof, but I don't really know what that means in practice.

I'm not really sure what to get, or where to get it, so suggestions would be appreciated. Is there a standard for this sort of application?

Thanks,

LMHmedchem

Advertisement

LMHmedchem is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2012, 03:57 PM   #2
Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Hartfield VA
Posts: 27,747
Rewards Points: 610
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


Without a picture not sure how anyone can suggest how to fix it.

Advertisement

joecaption is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-17-2012, 04:12 PM   #3
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 52
Rewards Points: 75
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


That is a good point, but I left my camera at my Sister's and won't have it again until Sunday or Monday. I will post some pictures then. It it helps, the great stuff worked fine (the large gap variety), so I guess anything like that would be sufficient. I just don't want to go and buy 50 cans of the stuff. I also don't know if I should be using a fire retardant version, or something with a better water seal. I've never seen building code on something like this.

LMHmedchem
LMHmedchem is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-20-2012, 12:56 AM   #4
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 52
Rewards Points: 75
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


I have added some pictures, since I have my camera back.

The first picture is a section of the wall I am working on. All the the loose mortar has been removed.

The second picture is of a common gap I am seeing. This vertical gap runs for about 2 feet and is about 1-3 inches wide and about 1 foot deep.

The third picture is of a horizontal gap that is 1 foot deep 18 inches wide and about 5 inches tall. There are two loose pieces of granite sitting at the front of the gap. In the last picture, I have removed the loose pieces and you can see all the way into the gap.

There are two places where there is an ~8x8 inch gap that runs all the way through. I can see the underground dirt on the other side. I have no idea why there isn't water coming in here, but there is a cantilevered section of the house over that area and the grade slopes away from the house pretty well. I guess the overhand is keeping it dry enough to keep the water out. There are some signs of moisture in this area though, but nothing like standing water.

I found this video
http://www.veoh.com/watch/v17334188sxcp6K25

by a group near here called the mended wall. They do allot of conservation/restoration of homes much older than mine. The video shows Andrew doing most of the same things I have been doing, removing loose mortar and stone, using a vacuum to remove dirt and debris, etc. He just filled all the gaps with a mixture of sand mix and type N lime. He didn't specify the proportions, so I'm not sure where to go with that. These are also restorations that aim to preserve the historical significance of the home and I don't know if that affects the techniques or not.

This article,
http://voices.yahoo.com/adding-struc...558.html?cat=6

advised what I was thinking about, which is to inject closed cell expanding foam into the gaps, which would be much quicker. The article didn't specify the type of foam to use or where to get it. I will try to find the post again tomorrow, I didn't seem to bookmark it.

I have also thought of just shoveling concrete into the large areas to fill as much as possible and then using standard mortar mix to finish the pointing, or using cement to fill as much as possible, adding an inch or two of spray foam to seal and insulate, and then pointing. One of the problems is that some of the gaps have narrow openings, but get fairly large as they go back. It would be pretty difficult go get any kind of mortar back in there without some kind of pump. I also know there are other expanding hydraulic cement like products that are used for filling and sealing applications.

I don't really know if this wall need structural reinforcement or not. It has been where it is for more than 120 years with no shifting, so I suspect that it does not need much more than would be provided by replacing the loose rock and re-pointing enough to fill the gaps. Adding additional structure isn't going to do any harm however, and it would be nice if this remained stable for another 120 years.

There are allot of possibilities and I am a bit in the weeds here, so I would really appreciate any suggestions.

LMHmedchem
Attached Thumbnails
expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation-under_window.jpg   expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation-vertical_joint.jpg   expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation-horizontal_joint_filled.jpg   expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation-horizontal_joint.jpg  

Last edited by LMHmedchem; 08-20-2012 at 01:01 AM.
LMHmedchem is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-21-2012, 07:28 PM   #5
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 52
Rewards Points: 75
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


I have been advised to fill the gaps with type S mortar. Does anyone here see any problem with that? I have added a picture of the outside. I think it is amazing how much cleaner it looks outside, though I'm sure the outside has been re-pointed at least once.

LMHmedchem
Attached Thumbnails
expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation-foundation_outside2.jpg  
LMHmedchem is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-22-2012, 04:54 PM   #6
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 52
Rewards Points: 75
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


Well I guess I am going to be using type S mortar, since there have been no other suggestions. What is a good ratio to use? I would guess 1 part type S to 2-2.5 parts mason sand, but I could also see using sand mix.

If I use something like QUIKRETE type S Mason Mix, would I add anything or just use it straight?

Any suggestions on this?

LMHmedchem

Last edited by LMHmedchem; 08-22-2012 at 05:01 PM.
LMHmedchem is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-22-2012, 10:36 PM   #7
Member
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Location: far sw sub chicago
Posts: 4,105
Rewards Points: 2,682
Default

expanding foam for gaps in masonry foundation


idk what type to use. but i would use mortar for sure.

Advertisement

Fix'n it is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Hybrid Spray/Rigid Foam Insulation yaemish Insulation 4 01-21-2012 12:55 AM
How To Install Rigid Foam Insulation on Concrete earthad1 Building & Construction 9 10-26-2010 10:49 AM
expanding foam flamability BigDogg77 Building & Construction 11 12-03-2008 11:48 AM
D-I-Y expanding foam insulation 4just1don Building & Construction 1 11-29-2008 11:36 PM
Best way to affix 2" foam board insulation to foundation wall BigJimmy Building & Construction 12 07-21-2008 12:50 PM




Top of Page | View New Posts